Document Type



Publisher's PDF

Publication Title

Journal of Neuroscience



Publication Date



The effects of deafferentation and alterations of synaptic activity on levels of a synaptic vesicle-specific membrane protein (SV) were studied in the adult rat superior cervical ganglion (SCG) in vivo, using a monoclonal antibody directed against the protein. Levels of SV were quantified by radioimmunoassay. Deafferentation of the SCG results in a transient increase in SV levels in the SCG on days 7 and 10 after surgery, with levels then dropping below control levels on days 14, 21, and 30 after surgery. Immunohistochemical labeling of deafferented ganglia indicates that the increase is confined to the perikarya of principal ganglionic neurons. Levels of SV in an SCG target tissue, the iris, do not differ from control levels on day 7 after deafferentation, but are elevated at days 10, 14, and 30 after surgery. After reinnervation of the SCG, levels of SV in the SCG are elevated above control values, but do not differ from control values in the iris. Treatment with chlorisondamine, which blocks synaptic transmission in sympathetic ganglia, produces a significant increase in SV levels in the SCG after 7 d of treatment. Long-term chlorisondamine treatment results in reductions in SV in the SCG after 14 and 28 d. Treatment with phenoxybenzamine for 6 d, which reflexly increases synaptic activity, produces a marked decrease in SV in the SCG. These results suggest that activity, mediated by transsynaptic factors, contributes to the regulation of synthesis of a synaptic vesicle protein in the SCG. The results further suggest that accumulation of synaptic vesicles in terminals of the principal ganglion neurons may help regulate the maintenance of normal synaptic vesicle pools within sympathetic neurons.

Included in

Biology Commons