German Studies Review
Protest mobilization is often assumed to be temporary. This is not the case in Germany, as a look at grassroots mobilization in Berlin reveals. Protest arose there in the 1970s, as in Germany generally, over siting of a large energy project. Activists attacked not only the project itself, but also the legitimacy of the technocratic policymaking that produced it. Subsequent government efforts to streamline land-use planning have kept the legiti mation issue alive. Lacking an institutional home for citizen participation in planning, protesters in Berlin and elsewhere continue to play a vital role in forcing policymakers to take residents' views seriously.
© 2007 by the German Studies Association.
Hager, Carol. "Three Decades of Protest in Berlin Land-Use Planning, 1975-2005." German Studies Review 30, no. 1 (2007): 55-74.