Review of International Studies
Feminist discourses have changed the vision of the issues and sites of political encounter that are important for study in IR. IPE scholars have also been reframing the discipline by their focus upon other agents besides states, and other structures of power and change, besides those of security and production. But these discourses could also complement each other to mutual benefit. This article suggests ways to do that, by positing a framework of analysis through which IPE, Feminist, International-Legal/Institutional, Peace and other critical discourses could intersect. It suggests that world political economy be conceived of in terms of seven intersecting, dynamic structures, in which some common historical processes unfold. These include bargaining and rivalry, realist self-interest and morally enlightened action. This goes beyond the four structures already recognised in critical IPE discourse, and the dichotomous materialist or idealist assumptions about agent motivations, in mainstream IR. By including Nurture/Reproduction as one of the seven structures, women's agency, with its possibilities and limits, cannot be missed in the normal business of the discipline.
© 1999 by the British International Studies Association. Available on publisher's site at http://www.jstor.org/stable/20097610.
Allen, Michael H. "Women, Bargaining and Change in Seven Structures of World Political Economy." Review of International Studies 25 (1999): 453-474.