Final Published Version
Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
We report a variety of experiments and calculations and their interpretations regarding methyl group (CH3) rotation in samples of pure 3-methylglutaric anhydride (1), pure 3-methylglutaric acid (2), and samples where the anhydride is slowly absorbing water from the air and converting to the acid [C6H8O3(1) + H2O → C6H10O4(2)]. The techniques are solid state 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spin-lattice relaxation, single-crystal X-ray diffraction, electronic structure calculations in both isolated molecules and in clusters of molecules that mimic the crystal structure, field emission scanning electron microscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, and high resolution 1H NMR spectroscopy. The solid state 1H spin-lattice relaxation experiments allow us to observe the temperature dependence of the parameters that characterize methyl group rotation in both compounds and in mixtures of the two compounds. In the mixtures, both types of methyl groups (that is, molecules of 1 and 2) can be observed independently and simultaneously at low temperatures because the solid state 1H spin-lattice relaxation is appropriately described by a double exponential. We have followed the conversion 1 → 2 over periods of two years. The solid state 1H spin-lattice relaxation experiments in pure samples of 1 and 2 indicate that there is a distribution of NMR activation energies for methyl group rotation in 1 but not in 2 and we are able to explain this in terms of the particle sizes seen in the field emission scanning electron microscopy images.
Beckmann P.A., Bohen J.M., Ford J., Malachowski W.P., Mallory C.W., Mallory F.B., McGhie A.R., Rheingold A.L., Sloan G.J., Szewczyk S.T., Wang X., Wheeler K.A. "Monitoring a simple hydrolysis process in an organic solid by observing methyl group rotation." Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance 85 (2017): 1-11.