Document Type



Final Published Version

Publication Title

Contemporary Drug Problems



Publication Date



This study examined drug treatment participation and retention rates for a multisite sample of 1,586 former recipients of Supplemental Security Income (SSI) for drug addiction and alcoholism (DA&A). Fewer than half of the sample were complying with the DA&A program treatment mandate at the time the program was terminated by federal legislation in January 1997. For all forms of treatment, both participation and retention rates declined steadily thereafter until fewer than 10% of the total sample reported being in a formal treatment two years after termination of the mandate. Survival analyses comparing treatment retention rates for DA&A beneficiaries with non-DA&A SSI beneficiaries revealed that most of the decline in treatment retention could be attributed to ending the mandate. The findings suggest that although the mandate was often not well enforced, it did bring into drug treatment many individuals who would not otherwise have participated.

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